Claim: “The genetic evidence doesn’t support evolution.”

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Refutation Links and Multimedia: evolution.berkeley.edu,
Debater Responses:
  • *V*– That’s common apologetic misinformation. Perhaps ask some experts: @EvolutionQA or @scientiapercept , @GodFreeWorld  or @mrhawkes on twitter.
  • *V*-“@KathyOrlinsky:  If we had never found a single fossil, we would still know evolution was true thanks to the genetic evidence, that’s how strong it is.
    1. Ubiquitous genes: Not only do all organisms on Earth use the exact same DNA codes, but also, in many cases, the same genes. You can replace the cytochrome C gene in yeast with the cytochrome C gene from humans, insects or birds and the yeast cells don’t know the difference.
    2. General patterns: Humans are more genetically similar to chimps than to to dogs, more similar to dogs than to fish, more similar to fish than to lobsters, etc. If each species were created independently, we would not see this pattern. On the other hand, the pattern is perfectly explained by common descent.
    3. Specific changes:
    a. We see the same exact mutations in the same exact places in the same genes of both humans and chimps. In many cases, the mutations destroy the functioning of that gene. There would be no reason to purposefully mutate the genes in this manner, and the odds of having the same exact nucleotide altered in the same way in two species would be astronomical. The best explanation for this observation is that the mutation occurred only once in the common ancestor of chimps and humans. All of that ancestor’s descendants carry the mutation.
    b. Sometimes viruses get permanently fused into an animal’s genome. The descendants of this animal will all have the exact same viral sequence in the exact same place in their genomes. The same viral sequences in the same places can be found in both chimps and humans despite the fact that these viral insertion events are completely random.


Common Sense, Using Ridicule and/or Requiring Proof:

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http://ideonexus.com/2012/02/12/101-reasons-why-evolution-is-true/

Claim: “Macro-evolution is unproven and has never been observed.”

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Refutation Links and Multimedia:  http://kaimatai.blogspot.co.nz/2013/07/lets-talk-about-macroevolution.html,   evolution.berkeley.edu<<FAQ 

Debater Responses:  (no particular order)

  1. *V*– That’s common apologetic misinformation. Perhaps ask some experts: @EvolutionQA or @scientiapercept , @GodFreeWorld  or @mrhawkes on twitter.
  2. *V*-“@auldshaman: There is no such thing as macro-evolution (or micro-evolution). There is only evolution. Evolution is change in a species due to small changes in DNA. These changes aren’t always for the good. Nature is constantly changing species without plan or reason. If a change in a species is beneficial, it will be bred into future generations because the parent with the change survived to make offspring. If a change is not beneficial, there is a good chance the being with that change will die before making offspring.”
  3. “Michael:  Apart from there being no such things as micro- and macro-evolution, the claim is not true. Yes, evolutionary traits general take tens of thousands of years to materially manifest themselves.  However, organisms’ adaptation to their environment can be seen during a person’s lifetime.  Bacteria, for instance, bacteria have developed resistance to some antibiotic treatments in the space of just a couple of decades. Exterminators need ever more potent poison to kill vermin because they, too, have evolved immunity to many fumigation chemicals.  This is seen in humans as well. People today are, for instance, generally taller than they were a century ago as a result of a better (healthier) diet. Our senescence has increased greatly for the same reason.  All this took place in a hundred years or so. Even if you know nothing about fossils and other evidence demonstrating the evolution of species, does not sheer common sense tell you that such small changes on a scale of not tens but tens of thousands of years would yield some very contrasting “before” and “after” specimens!?

Common Sense, Using Ridicule and/or Requiring Proof:

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Claim: “Evolution is unproven and is based on misinterpreted facts.”

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Refutation Links and Multimedia:  evolution.berkeley.edu,  Why Evolution is True 
Debater Responses: 
  1. *V*– That’s common apologetic misinformation. Perhaps ask some experts: @EvolutionQA or @scientiapercept , @GodFreeWorld  or @mrhawkes on twitter.
  2. *V*-“FreeAtheism:  What have your peer reviewed sources revealed that was seemingly overlooked by the global evolutionary biologists?”
  3. *V*-“@atheistmel: We know with absolute certainty that evolution occurs- it is not even a debatable point anymore.  Evolution is based on many solid lines of evidence. In the words of Richard Dawkins, “Evolution could so easily be disproved if just a single fossil turned up in the wrong date order. Evolution has passed this test with flying colours.” 
  4. *V*-“@UnicornOnMoon: modern medicine shows it is not imagined. Predictions are made based on ToE and then proven true. Above all it’s falsifiable”
  5. “@BrettaApplebaum: …and yet farmers and biotech co’s exploit evolutionary principles everyday for profit”
  6. “@CheckInGuy: It has in fact been proven as a basic concept in hundreds if not thousands of experiments, over a number of disciplines.” (More often than not, a typical refutation of evolution begins with either a incomplete or incorrect definition of what it is…. and anyone who, & this also typical, inquires as to the “belief in evolution” just doesn’t get it.”)
  7. “@quarterflash14: a mountain of evidence to support evolution. ex.- how else to explain mutations in viruses, such as HIV”

Common Sense, Using Ridicule and/or Requiring Proof:

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